Architectural Model and Modified Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) for Boat Traffic Monitoring and Transport Detection Systems in Shallow Waters

Diaz Saputra, Ford Lumban Gaol, Edi Abdurachman, Dana Indra Sensuse, Tokuro Matsuo


Monitoring the movement of boats in shallow waters requires a real-time monitoring system. However, for small-size wooden boats, they are still monitored manually, and data is unavailable in real time, which makes it difficult to effectively monitor them. The integration of IoT platforms with the boat monitoring system is a challenging task, especially in the transport system. This paper has the objective of developing an architectural model of a modified LoRaWAN-based boat monitoring system that is connected to a GPS-based mobile device and base station. The proposed architectural model is an integration of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and LoRaWAN networks, which are also tested in real time to solve the boat traffic monitoring issues. The field tests with parameters of signal transmission, location coordinates, and position of the boats are also presented. The analysis result shows the proposed model is suitable for waters with high noise levels, especially in shallow water and delta rivers. The signal noise can be reduced by extracting the real-time data. In addition, signal interference can be minimized. The performance of this system is also compared to the reference system in real conditions, which shows an adequate correlation result. This proof of concept forms an important basis for deploying it for large-scale applications and commercialization capabilities.


Doi: 10.28991/ESJ-2023-07-04-011

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LoRaWAN; Traffic Monitoring; Shallow Waters; Sensor; Network.


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DOI: 10.28991/ESJ-2023-07-04-011


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